The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.01 - January-March (2010 vol.3)
pp: 56-62
Hsin-Yun Yao , McGill University, Montreal
Danny Grant , Immersion Corp., Montreal
Juan Manuel Cruz-Hernandez , Immersion Corp., Montreal
This paper addresses the question of strength perception for vibration signals used in mobile devices. Employing devices similar to standard cell phones and using pulsed vibration signals to combat adaptation effects, experiments were performed to study the effect of weight and underlying vibration frequency on perceived strength. Results shows that for the same measured acceleration on the device, a heavier box is perceived to vibrate with greater strength. Furthermore, signals with higher underlying frequency are perceived to be weaker for the same measured acceleration. While our results are consistent with previous studies, they are obtained for the specific condition of ungrounded, vibrating objects held in the hand. Our results suggest the need for a systematic correction law for use by designers to specify the vibratory characteristics of a device as a function of its weight and of the desired operating frequency.
Mobile devices, vibrotactile perception, magnitude perception, vibration strength perception, weight, vibration frequency.
Hsin-Yun Yao, Danny Grant, Juan Manuel Cruz-Hernandez, "Perceived Vibration Strength in Mobile Devices: The Effect of Weight and Frequency", IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol.3, no. 1, pp. 56-62, January-March 2010, doi:10.1109/TOH.2009.37
[1] T. Amemiya and T. Maeda, "Asymmetric Oscillation Distorts the Perceived Heaviness of Handheld Objects," IEEE Trans. Haptics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9-18, Jan.-June 2008.
[2] S.J. Bensmaïa, Y.Y. Leung, S.S. Hsiao, and K.O. Johnson, "Vibratory Adaptation of Cutaneous Mechanoreceptive Afferents," J. Neurophysiology, vol. 94, pp. 3023-3036, 2005.
[3] L.M. Brown and T. Kaaresoja, "Feel Who's Talking: Using Tactons for Mobile Phone Alerts," Proc. Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 604-609, 2006.
[4] L. Burström and R. Lundström, "Absorption of Vibration Energy in the Human Hand and Arm," Ergonomics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 879-890, 1994.
[5] A. Charpentier, "Analyse Experimentale de Quelques Elements de la Sensation de Poids," Archives de Physiologie Normales et Pathologiques, vol. 3, pp. 122-35, 1891.
[6] R.R. Ellis and S.J. Lederman, "The Role of Haptic versus Visual Volume Cues in the Size-Weight Illusion," Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 315-324, 1993.
[7] M.O. Ernst, "Perceptual Learning: Inverting the Size-Weight Illusion," Current Biology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. R23-R25, 2009.
[8] J.R. Flanagan and M.A. Beltzner, "Independence of Perceptual and Sensorimotor Predictions in the Size-Weight Illusion," Nature Neuroscience, vol. 3, pp. 737-741, 2000.
[9] R.H. Gault, "Recent Developments in Vibro-Tactile Research," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 221, pp. 703-719, 1936.
[10] J. Giacomin and C. Onesti, "Effect of Frequency and Grip Force on the Perception of Steering Wheel Rotational Vibration" Proc. Conf. New Role of Experimentation in the Modern Automotive Product Development Process, pp. 17-19, Nov. 1999.
[11] J. Giacomin, M.S. Shayaa, E. Dormegnie, and L. Richard, "Frequency Weighting for the Evaluation of Steering Wheel Rotational Vibration," Int'l J. Industrial Ergonomics, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 527-541, 2004.
[12] V. Hayward, "Haptic Shape Cues, Invariants, Priors, and Interface Design," Human Haptic Perception—Basics and Applications, M. Grunwald, ed., chapter 31, pp. 381-392, Birkhauser Verlag, 2008.
[13] G. Inaba and K. Fujita, "A Pseudo Force-Feedback Device by Fingertip Tightening for Multi-Finger Object Manipulation," Proc. EuroHaptics 2006, pp. 275-278, 2006.
[14] J. Jung and S. Choi, "Perceived Magnitude and Power Consumption of Vibration Feedback in Mobile Devices," Proc. Int'l Conf. Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), vol. 4551/2007, pp. 354-363, 2007.
[15] T. Kaaresoja and J. Linjama, "Perception of Short Tactile Pulses Generated by a Vibration Motor in a Mobile Phone," Proc. First Joint EuroHaptics Conf. and Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 471-472, 2005.
[16] S. Kim and K. Kim, "Interactive Racing Game with Graphic and Haptic Feedback," Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 69-77, Springer, 2007.
[17] Y.Y. Leung, S.J. Bensmaia, S.S. Hsiao, and K.O. Johnson, "Time-Course of Vibratory Adaptation and Recovery in Cutaneous Mechanoreceptive Afferents," J. Neurophysiology, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 3037-3045, 2005.
[18] D.A. Mahns, N.M. Perkins, V. Sahai, L. Robinson, and M.J. Rowe, "Vibrotactile Frequency Discrimination in Human Hairy Skin," J. Neurophysiology, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 1442-1450, 2006.
[19] N.J. Mansfield and S. Maeda, "Equal Sensation Curves for Whole-Body Vibration Expressed as a Function of Driving Force," The J. Acoustical Soc. of Am., vol. 117, 3853, 2005.
[20] K. Minamizawa, S. Fukamachi, H. Kajimoto, N. Kawakami, and S. Tachi, "Gravity Grabber: Wearable Haptic Display to Present Virtual Mass Sensation," Proc. Int'l Conf. Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, 2007.
[21] T. Miwa, "Evaluation Methods for Vibration Effect: Part 3. Measurements of Threshold and Equal Sensation Contours on Hand for Vertical and Horizontal Sinusoidal Vibrations," Industrial Health, vol. 5, pp. 213-220, 1967.
[22] M. Morioka and M.J. Griffin, "Thresholds for the Perception of Hand-Transmitted Vibration: Dependence on Contact Area and Contact Location," Somatosensory and Motor Research, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 281-297, 2005.
[23] M. Morioka and M.J. Griffin, "Magnitude Dependence of Equivalent Comfort Contours for Fore-and-Aft, Lateral and Vertical Hand-Transmitted Vibration," J. Sound and Vibration, vol. 295, no. 35, pp. 633-648, 2006.
[24] M. Morioka and M.J. Griffin, "Equivalent Comfort Contours for Vertical Vibration of Steering Wheels: Effect of Vibration Magnitude, Grip Force, and Hand Position," Applied Ergonomics, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 817-825, 2008.
[25] D.D. Reynolds, K.G. Standlee, and E.N. Angevine, "Hand-Arm Vibration, Part III: Subjective Response Characteristics of Individuals to Hand-Induced Vibration," J. Sound and Vibration, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 267-282, 1977.
[26] J. Ryu, J. Jung, and S. Choi, "Perceived Magnitudes of Vibrations Transmitted through Mobile Device," Proc. 11th Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 139-140, Mar. 2008.
[27] M. Tommerdahl, K.D. Hester, E.R. Felix, M. Hollins, O.V. Favorov, P.M. Quibrera, and B.L. Whitsel, "Human Vibrotactile Frequency Discriminative Capacity after Adaptation to 25 Hz or 200 Hz Stimulation," Brain Research, vol. 1057, nos. 1/2, pp. 1-9, 2005.
[28] S. Töyssy, "Telling Time by Vibration," master's thesis, Dept. of Computer Sciences, Univ. of Tampere, Nov. 2007.
[29] E.H. Weber, The Sense of Touch, H.E. Ross and D.J. Murray, trans. (Original work published 1834), Academic Press, 1978.
[30] P.G. Willes, S.M. Pearce, P.J.S. Rice, and J.M.O. Mitchell, "Vibration Perception Threshold: Influence of Age, Height, Sex, and Smoking, and Calculation of Accurate Centile Values," Diabetic Medicine, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 157-161, 1991.
[31] H.Y. Yao and V. Hayward, "An Experiment on Length Perception with a Virtual Rolling Stone," Proc. EuroHaptics 2006, pp. 325-330, 2006.
[32] H.Y. Yao, V. Hayward, M. Cruz, and D. Grant, "The Effect of Weight on the Perception of Vibrotactile Intensity with Handheld Devices," Proc. Second Joint EuroHaptics Conf. and Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 551-552, 2007.
19 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool