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Issue No. 08 - Aug. (2015 vol. 21)
ISSN: 1077-2626
pp: 930-944
Primoz Skraba , , Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia
Bei Wang , Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah
Guoning Chen , , University of Houston
Paul Rosen , Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah
ABSTRACT
Vector field simplification aims to reduce the complexity of the flow by removing features in order of their relevance and importance, to reveal prominent behavior and obtain a compact representation for interpretation. Most existing simplification techniques based on the topological skeleton successively remove pairs of critical points connected by separatrices, using distance or area-based relevance measures. These methods rely on the stable extraction of the topological skeleton, which can be difficult due to instability in numerical integration, especially when processing highly rotational flows. In this paper, we propose a novel simplification scheme derived from the recently introduced topological notion of robustness which enables the pruning of sets of critical points according to a quantitative measure of their stability, that is, the minimum amount of vector field perturbation required to remove them. This leads to a hierarchical simplification scheme that encodes flow magnitude in its perturbation metric. Our novel simplification algorithm is based on degree theory and has minimal boundary restrictions. Finally, we provide an implementation under the piecewise-linear setting and apply it to both synthetic and real-world datasets. We show local and complete hierarchical simplifications for steady as well as unsteady vector fields.
INDEX TERMS
Robustness, Smoothing methods, Skeleton, Indexes, Laplace equations, Vegetation, Complexity theory,Computational topology, Flow visualization, Vector field simplification,, Robustness
CITATION
Primoz Skraba, Bei Wang, Guoning Chen, Paul Rosen, "Robustness-Based Simplification of 2D Steady and Unsteady Vector Fields", IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 21, no. , pp. 930-944, Aug. 2015, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2015.2440250
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