Issue No. 04 - April (2013 vol. 19)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TVCG.2013.35
Stressful interpersonal experiences can be difficult to prepare for. Virtual humans may be leveraged to allow learners to safely gain exposure to stressful interpersonal experiences. In this paper we present a between-subjects study exploring how the presence of a virtual human affected learners while practicing a stressful interpersonal experience. Twenty-six fourth-year medical students practiced performing a prostate exam on a prostate exam simulator. Participants in the experimental condition examined a simulator augmented with a virtual human. Other participants examined a standard unaugmented simulator. Participants reactions were assessed using self-reported, behavioral, and physiological metrics. Participants who examined the virtual human experienced significantly more stress, measured via skin conductance. Participants stress was correlated with previous experience performing real prostate exams; participants who had performed more real prostate exams were more likely to experience stress while examining the virtual human. Participants who examined the virtual human showed signs of greater engagement; non-stressed participants performed better prostate exams while stressed participants treated the virtual human more realistically. Results indicated that stress evoked by virtual humans is linked to similar previous real-world stressful experiences, implying that learners real-world experience must be taken into account when using virtual humans to prepare them for stressful interpersonal experiences.
Standards, Stress, Measurement, Interviews, Training, Educational institutions, Prostate cancer,user studies., Virtual/digital characters, mixed reality, training
A. Robb, R. Kopper, R. Ambani, F. Qayyum, D. Lind, Li-Ming Su, B. Lok, "Leveraging Virtual Humans to Effectively Prepare Learners for Stressful Interpersonal Experiences", IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 19, no. , pp. 662-670, April 2013, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2013.35