Issue No. 12 - Dec. (2011 vol. 17)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TVCG.2011.234
Basak Alper , UC Santa Barbara, MAT
Tobias Hollerer , UC Santa Barbara, CS
JoAnn Kuchera-Morin , UC Santa Barbara, MAT
Angus Forbes , UC Santa Barbara, MAT
In this paper we present a new technique and prototype graph visualization system, stereoscopic highlighting, to help answer accessibility and adjacency queries when interacting with a node-link diagram. Our technique utilizes stereoscopic depth to highlight regions of interest in a 2D graph by projecting these parts onto a plane closer to the viewpoint of the user. This technique aims to isolate and magnify specific portions of the graph that need to be explored in detail without resorting to other highlighting techniques like color or motion, which can then be reserved to encode other data attributes. This mechanism of stereoscopic highlighting also enables focus+context views by juxtaposing a detailed image of a region of interest with the overall graph, which is visualized at a further depth with correspondingly less detail. In order to validate our technique, we ran a controlled experiment with 16 subjects comparing static visual highlighting to stereoscopic highlighting on 2D and 3D graph layouts for a range of tasks. Our results show that while for most tasks the difference in performance between stereoscopic highlighting alone and static visual highlighting is not statistically significant, users performed better when both highlighting methods were used concurrently. In more complicated tasks, 3D layout with static visual highlighting outperformed 2D layouts with a single highlighting method. However, it did not outperform the 2D layout utilizing both highlighting techniques simultaneously. Based on these results, we conclude that stereoscopic highlighting is a promising technique that can significantly enhance graph visualizations for certain use cases.
Graph visualization, stereo displays, virtual reality.
T. Hollerer, B. Alper, J. Kuchera-Morin and A. Forbes, "Stereoscopic Highlighting: 2D Graph Visualization on Stereo Displays," in IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 17, no. , pp. 2325-2333, 2011.