Issue No. 02 - March/April (2010 vol. 16)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TVCG.2009.69
P.-T. Bremer , Center for Appl. Sci. Comput., Lawrence Livermore 'Nat. Lab., Livermore, CA, USA
G.H. Weber , Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Lab., Berkeley, CA, USA
V. Pascucci , Sci. Comput. & Imaging Inst., Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
M. Day , Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Lab., Berkeley, CA, USA
J.B. Bell , Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Lab., Berkeley, CA, USA
This paper presents topology-based methods to robustly extract, analyze, and track features defined as subsets of isosurfaces. First, we demonstrate how features identified by thresholding isosurfaces can be defined in terms of the Morse complex. Second, we present a specialized hierarchy that encodes the feature segmentation independent of the threshold while still providing a flexible multiresolution representation. Third, for a given parameter selection, we create detailed tracking graphs representing the complete evolution of all features in a combustion simulation over several hundred time steps. Finally, we discuss a user interface that correlates the tracking information with interactive rendering of the segmented isosurfaces enabling an in-depth analysis of the temporal behavior. We demonstrate our approach by analyzing three numerical simulations of lean hydrogen flames subject to different levels of turbulence. Due to their unstable nature, lean flames burn in cells separated by locally extinguished regions. The number, area, and evolution over time of these cells provide important insights into the impact of turbulence on the combustion process. Utilizing the hierarchy, we can perform an extensive parameter study without reprocessing the data for each set of parameters. The resulting statistics enable scientists to select appropriate parameters and provide insight into the sensitivity of the results with respect to the choice of parameters. Our method allows for the first time to quantitatively correlate the turbulence of the burning process with the distribution of burning regions, properly segmented and selected. In particular, our analysis shows that counterintuitively stronger turbulence leads to larger cell structures, which burn more intensely than expected. This behavior suggests that flames could be stabilized under much leaner conditions than previously anticipated.
Hydrogen, Fires, Isosurfaces, Combustion, Robustness, User interfaces, Computer graphics, Information analysis, Numerical simulation, Statistical distributions, burning regions., Visualization, data analysis, topological data analysis, Morse complex, Reeb graph, feature detection, feature tracking, combustion simulations
J. Bell, M. Day, G. Weber, V. Pascucci and P. Bremer, "Analyzing and Tracking Burning Structures in Lean Premixed Hydrogen Flames," in IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 16, no. , pp. 1, 2010.