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Color vision deficiency (CVD) affects approximately 200 million people worldwide, compromising the ability of these individuals to effectively perform color and visualization-related tasks. This has a significant impact on their private and professional lives. We present a physiologically-based model for simulating color vision. Our model is based on the stage theory of human color vision and is derived from data reported in electrophysiological studies. It is the first model to consistently handle normal color vision, anomalous trichromacy, and dichromacy in a unified way. We have validated the proposed model through an experimentalevaluation involving groups of color vision deficient individuals and normal color vision ones. Our model can provide insights and feedback on how to improve visualization experiences for individuals with CVD. It also provides a framework for testing hypotheses about some aspects of the retinal photoreceptors in color vision deficient individuals.
Models of Color Vision, Color Perception, Simulation of Color Vision Deficiency, Anomalous Trichromacy, Dichromacy.
Leandro A. F. Fernandes, Manuel M. Oliveira, Gustavo M. Machado, "A Physiologically-based Model for Simulation of Color Vision Deficiency", IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 15, no. , pp. 1291-1298, November/December 2009, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2009.113
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