Issue No. 01 - January/February (2008 vol. 14)
Curved Planar Reformation (CPR) has proved to be a practical and widely used tool for the visualization of curved tubular structures within the human body. It has been useful in medical procedures involving the examination of blood vessels and the spine. However, it is more difficult to use it for large, tubular, structures such as the trachea and the colon because abnormalities may be smaller relative to the size of the structure and may not have such distinct density and shape characteristics.Our new approach improves on this situation by using volume rendering for hollow regions and standard CPR for the surrounding tissue. This effectively combines gray scale contextual information with detailed color information from the area of interest. The approach is successfully used with each of the standard CPR types and the resulting images are promising as an alternative to virtual endoscopy.Because the CPR and the volume rendering are tightly coupled, the projection method used has a significant effect on properties of the volume renderer such as distortion and isometry. We describe and compare the different CPR projection methods and how they affect the volume rendering process.A version of the algorithm is also presented which makes use of importance driven techniques; this ensures the users attention is always focused on the area of interest and also improves the speed of the algorithm.
curved planar reformation, virtual endoscopy, colon screening
E. Coto, S. Grimm, H. Hatzakis, A. Roudsari and D. Williams, "Volumetric Curved Planar Reformation for Virtual Endoscopy," in IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 14, no. , pp. 109-119, 2007.