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<p><b>Abstract</b>—A new electrostatic tactile display is proposed to realize compact tactile display devices that can be incorporated with virtual reality systems. The tactile display of this study consists of a thin conductive film slider with stator electrodes that excite electrostatic forces. Users of the device experience tactile texture sensations by moving the slider with their fingers. The display operates by applying two-phase cyclic voltage patterns to the electrodes. The display is incorporated into a tactile telepresentation system to realize explorations of remote surface textures with real-time tactile feedback. In the system, a PVDF tactile sensor and a DSP controller automatically generate voltage patterns to present surface texture sensations through the tactile display. A sensor, in synchronization with finger motion on the tactile display, scans a texture sample and outputs information about the sample surface. The information is processed by a DSP and fed back to the tactile display in real time. The tactile telepresentation system was evaluated in texture discrimination tests and demonstrated a 79 percent correct answer ratio. A transparent electrostatic tactile display is also reported in which the tactile display is combined with an LCD to realize a visual-tactile integrated display system.</p>
Artificial, augmented, and virtual realities, Haptic I/O.

T. Higuchi, S. Nagasawa, H. Yamamoto and A. Yamamoto, "Electrostatic Tactile Display with Thin Film Slider and Its Application to Tactile Telepresentation Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol. 12, no. , pp. 168-177, 2006.
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