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Issue No. 08 - August (2011 vol. 22)
ISSN: 1045-9219
pp: 1390-1397
Xinyi Huang , Singapore Management University, Singapore
Yang Xiang , Deakin University, Melbourne
Ashley Chonka , Deakin University, Geelong
Jianying Zhou , Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore
Robert H. Deng , Singapore Management University, Singapore
As part of the security within distributed systems, various services and resources need protection from unauthorized use. Remote authentication is the most commonly used method to determine the identity of a remote client. This paper investigates a systematic approach for authenticating clients by three factors, namely password, smart card, and biometrics. A generic and secure framework is proposed to upgrade two-factor authentication to three-factor authentication. The conversion not only significantly improves the information assurance at low cost but also protects client privacy in distributed systems. In addition, our framework retains several practice-friendly properties of the underlying two-factor authentication, which we believe is of independent interest.
Authentication, distributed systems, security, privacy, password, smart card, biometrics.

Y. Xiang, A. Chonka, R. H. Deng, X. Huang and J. Zhou, "A Generic Framework for Three-Factor Authentication: Preserving Security and Privacy in Distributed Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 22, no. , pp. 1390-1397, 2010.
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