The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.10 - October (2009 vol.20)
pp: 1540-1552
Yun Wang , Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
Xiaodong Wang , Qualcomm Inc., San Diego
Demin Wang , Microsoft, Redmond
Dharma P. Agrawal , University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati
Localization algorithm continues to be an important and challenging topic in today's wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this paper, a novel range-free localization algorithm using expected hop progress (LAEP) to predict the location of any sensor in a WSN is proposed. This algorithm is based on an accurate analysis of hop progress in a WSN with randomly deployed sensors and arbitrary node density. By deriving the expected hop progress from a network model for WSNs in terms of network parameters, the distance between any pair of sensors can be accurately computed. Since the distance estimation is a key issue in localization systems for WSNs, the proposed range-free LAEP achieves better performance and less communication overhead as compared to some existent schemes like DV-Hop and RAW. In addition, we study the effect of anchor placement on the algorithm performance by deriving the corresponding mean position error range. Extensive simulations are performed and the results are observed to be in good agreement with the theoretical analysis.
Anchor placement, hop progress, range-free localization, sensor position, wireless sensor network.
Yun Wang, Xiaodong Wang, Demin Wang, Dharma P. Agrawal, "Range-Free Localization Using Expected Hop Progress in Wireless Sensor Networks", IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol.20, no. 10, pp. 1540-1552, October 2009, doi:10.1109/TPDS.2008.239
[1] S. Tilak, N.B. Abu-Ghazaleh, and W. Heinzelman, “A Taxonomy of Wireless Micro-Sensor Network Models,” ACM Mobile Computing and Comm. Rev., vol. 6, no. 2, Apr. 2002.
[2] D.P. Agrawal and Q.-A. Zeng, Introduction to Wireless and Mobile Systems. Brooks/Cole Publishing, Aug. 2003.
[3] X. Ji and H. Zha, “Sensor Positioning in Wireless Ad-Hoc Sensor Networks Using Multidimensional Scaling,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2004.
[4] H. Chan, M. Luk, and A. Perrig, “Using Clustering Information for Sensor Network Localization,” Proc. First IEEE Int'l Conf. Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS), 2005.
[5] Y.B. Ko and N.H. Vaidya, “Location-Aided Routing (LAR) in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” Proc. ACM MobiCom '98, pp. 66-75, 1998.
[6] B.H. Wellenhoff, H. Lichtenegger, and J. Collins, Global Positions System: Theory and Practice. Springer Verlag, 1997.
[7] T. He, C. Huang, B.M. Blum, J.A. Stankovic, and T. Abdelzaher, “Range-Free Localization Schemes for Large Scale Sensor Networks,” Proc. ACM MobiCom, 2003.
[8] Y. Wang, X. Wang, D. Wang, and D.P. Agrawal, “Localization Algorithm Using Expected Hop Progress in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proc Third IEEE Int'l Conf. Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems (MASS '06), Oct. 2006.
[9] D. Niculescu and B. Nath, “Ad Hoc Positioning System (APS),” Proc. IEEE Global Telecomm. Conf. (GLOBECOM '01), Nov. 2001.
[10] N. Patwari, A.O. Hero, M. Perkins, N.S. Correal, and R.J. ODea, “Relative Location Estimation in Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol. 51, no. 8, pp.2137-2148, Aug. 2003.
[11] Vossiek, M. Wiebking, L. Gulden, P. Wieghardt, J. Hoffmann, and C. Heide, “Wireless Local Positioning,” IEEE Microwave Magazine, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 77-86, 2003.
[12] S.Y. Wong, J.G. Lim, S. Rao, and W.K. Seah, “Density-Aware Hop-Count Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks with Variable Density,” Proc. IEEE Wireless Comm. and Networking Conf. (WCNC '05), Mar. 2005.
[13] A. Nasipuri and K. Li, “A Directionality Based Location Discovery Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proc. First ACM Int'l Workshop Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications (WSNA '02), pp.105-111, Apr. 2002.
[14] Y. Wang, X. Wang, B. Xie, D. Wang, and D.P. Agrawal, “Intrusion Detection in Homogenous and Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 7, no. 6, 2008.
[15] K.A. Berman and J. Paul, Fundamentals of Sequential and Parallel Algorithms. PWS, 1996.
[16] A. Leon-Garcia, Probability and Random Processes for Electrical Engineering, second ed. Addison-Wesley, July 1993.
[17] X. Wang, “QoS Issues and QoS Constrained Design of Wireless Sensor Network,” PhD dissertation, Univ. of Cincinnati, 2006.
[18] C. Gui and P. Mohapatra, “Power Conservation and Quality of Surveillance in Target Tracking Sensor Networks,” Proc. ACM MobiCom, 2004.
[19] A. Ephremides, “Energy Concerns in Wireless Networks,” IEEE Wireless Comm., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 48-59, Aug. 2002.
[20] L. Wang and Y. Xiao, “A Survey of Energy-Efficient Scheduling Mechanisms in Sensor Networks,” Mobile Network Applications, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 723-740, 2006.
[21] S. Kumar, T.H. Lai, and J. Balogh, “On $k$ -Coverage in a Mostly Sleeping Sensor Network,” Proc. ACM MobiCom, 2004.
[22] R. Jain, The Art of Computer Systems Performance Analysis: Techniques for Experimental Design, Measurement, Simulation and Modeling. Wiley-Interscience, 1991.
[23] D. Niculescu and B. Nath, “Ad hoc Positioning System (APS) Using AOA,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003.
[24] I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirci, “ASurvey on Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 102-114, Aug. 2002.
[25] L. Doherty, L. Ghaoui, and K. Pister, “Convex Position Estimation in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2001.
[26] M. Rudafshani and S. Datta, “Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proc. Sixth IEEE/ACM Int'l Conf. Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN), 2007.
[27] L. Fang, W. Du, and P. Ning, “An Anchor-Less Location Discovery Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2005.
[28] J. Yli-Hietanen, K.K. Vi, and J. Astola, “Low-Complexity Angle of Arrival Estimation of Wideband Signals Using Small Arrays,” Proc. Eighth IEEE Signal Processing Workshop Statistical Signal and Array Processing (SSAP '96), p. 109, 1996.
[29] P. Bahl and V. Padmanabhan, “Radar: An In-Building rf-Based User Location and Tracking System,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2000.
[30] B. Parkinson and J. Spilker, Global Positioning System: Theory and Application. Am. Inst. Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1996.
[31] S. Capkun, M. Hamdi, and J.-P. Hubeaux, “GPS-Free Positioning in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks,” Cluster Computing, vol. 5, no. 2, pp.157-167, Apr. 2002.
[32] N. Bulusu, J. Heidemann, and D. Estrin, “GPS-Less Low Cost Outdoor Localization for Very Small Devices,” IEEE Personal Comm. Magazine, special issue on Smart Spaces and Environments, 2000.
29 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool