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Multi-core processors are a shift of paradigm in computer architecture that promises a dramatic increase in performance. But they also bring an unprecedented level of complexity in algorithmic design and software development. In this paper we describe the challenges involved in designing a Breadth-First Search (BFS) algorithm for the Cell/B.E. processor. The proposed methodology combines a high-level algorithmic design that captures the machine-independent aspects, to guarantee portability with performance to future processors, with an implementation that embeds processor-specific optimizations. Using a fine-grained global coordination strategy derived by the Bulk-Synchronous Parallel (BSP) model, we have determined an accurate performance model that has guided the implementation and the optimization of our algorithm. Our experiments on a pre-production Cell/B.E. board running at 3.2 GHz, show almost linear speedups when using multiple synergistic processing elements, and an impressive level of performance when compared to other processors. On graphs which offer sufficient parallelism, the Cell/B.E. is typically an order of magnitude faster than conventional processors, such as the AMD Opteron and the Intel Pentium 4 and Woodcrest, and custom-designed architectures, such as the MTA-2 and BlueGene/L.
Performance of Systems, Emerging technologies, Communication/Networking and Information Technology
Daniele Paolo Scarpazza, Oreste Villa, Fabrizio Petrini, "Efficient Breadth-First Search on the Cell/BE Processor", IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 19, no. , pp. 1381-1395, October 2008, doi:10.1109/TPDS.2007.70811
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