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<p><b>Abstract</b>—In this paper, we propose an adaptive PI (Proportional-Integral) rate controller for the AQM (Active Queue Management) router that would support best-effort traffic in the Internet. Unlike most <it>window-based</it> controllers, our <it>rate-based</it> controller design is derived from the classical control theory and it would allow the users to achieve good stability robustness of the AQM control system by specifying a proper phase margin. We also make our controller adaptive by selecting a simple heuristic parameter to monitor the network environment real-time so that the controller will self-tune only when a dramatic change of the network traffic has drifted the monitoring parameter outside its specified interval. Located in the router, the adaptive PI rate controller calculates desirable source window sizes (i.e., source sending rates) based on the instantaneous queue length of the buffer and advertises it to the sources. Our simulations demonstrate that our AQM control system can adapt very well to sudden changes in network environment, thus providing the network with good transient behavior. By making the source sending rate relatively smooth, our adaptive PI rate controller becomes quite suitable for streaming media traffic control in the Internet.</p>
Rate-based control, active queue management, best-effort traffic, PI control, TCP/IP, streaming media traffic, self-tune.

Y. Hong and O. W. Yang, "Design of Adaptive PI Rate Controller for Best-Effort Traffic in the Internet Based on Phase Margin," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 18, no. , pp. 550-561, 2007.
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