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Issue No. 11 - November (2006 vol. 17)
ISSN: 1045-9219
pp: 1294-1305
<p><b>Abstract</b>—Mobility, channel error, and congestion are the main causes for packet loss in mobile ad hoc networks. Reducing packet loss typically involves congestion control operating on top of a mobility and failure adaptive routing protocol at the network layer. In the current designs, routing is not congestion-adaptive. Routing may let a congestion happen which is detected by congestion control, but dealing with congestion in this reactive manner results in longer delay and unnecessary packet loss and requires significant overhead if a new route is needed. This problem becomes more visible especially in large-scale transmission of heavy traffic such as multimedia data, where congestion is more probable and the negative impact of packet loss on the service quality is of more significance. We argue that routing should not only be aware of, but also be adaptive to, network congestion. Hence, we propose a routing protocol (CRP) with such properties. Our ns-2 simulation results confirm that CRP improves the packet loss rate and end-to-end delay while enjoying significantly smaller protocol overhead and higher energy efficiency as compared to AODV and DSR.</p>
Ad hoc networks, routing protocols, mobile computing, congestion adaptivity.

D. A. Tran and H. Raghavendra, "Congestion Adaptive Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 17, no. , pp. 1294-1305, 2006.
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