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<p><b>Abstract</b>—With the increasing use of clusters in real-time applications, it has become essential to design high-performance networks with Quality-of-Service (QoS) guarantees. In this paper, we explore the feasibility of providing QoS in wormhole switched routers, which are widely used in designing scalable, high-performance cluster interconnects. In particular, we are interested in supporting multimedia video streams with CBR and VBR traffic, in addition to the conventional best-effort traffic. The proposed MediaWorm router uses a rate-based bandwidth allocation mechanism, called <it>Fine-Grained VirtualClock</it> (FGVC), to schedule network resources for different traffic classes. Our simulation results on an 8-port router indicate that it is possible to provide jitter-free delivery to VBR/CBR traffic up to an input load of 70-80 percent of link bandwidth and the presence of best-effort traffic has no adverse effect on real-time traffic. Although the MediaWorm router shows a slightly lower performance than a pipelined circuit switched (PCS) router, commercial success of wormhole switching, coupled with simpler and cheaper design, makes it an attractive alternative. Simulation of a (<tmath>\big. 2 \times 2\bigr.</tmath>) fat-mesh using this router shows performance comparable to that of a single switch and suggests that clusters designed with appropriate bandwidth balance between links can provide required performance for different types of traffic.</p>
Cluster network, Quality-of-Service, rate-based scheduling, router architecture, VirtualClock, wormhole router.

E. Jung Kim, C. R. Das, K. Hwan Yum and A. S. Vaidya, "MediaWorm: A QoS Capable Router Architecture for Clusters," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 13, no. , pp. 1261-1274, 2002.
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