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<p><b>Abstract</b>—In this work, we show that the standard graph-partitioning-based decomposition of sparse matrices does not reflect the actual communication volume requirement for parallel matrix-vector multiplication. We propose two computational hypergraph models which avoid this crucial deficiency of the graph model. The proposed models reduce the decomposition problem to the well-known hypergraph partitioning problem. The recently proposed successful multilevel framework is exploited to develop a multilevel hypergraph partitioning tool PaToH for the experimental verification of our proposed hypergraph models. Experimental results on a wide range of realistic sparse test matrices confirm the validity of the proposed hypergraph models. In the decomposition of the test matrices, the hypergraph models using PaToH and hMeTiS result in up to 63 percent less communication volume (30 to 38 percent less on the average) than the graph model using MeTiS, while PaToH is only 1.3–2.3 times slower than MeTiS on the average.</p>
Sparse matrices, matrix multiplication, parallel processing, matrix decomposition, computational graph model, graph partitioning, computational hypergraph model, hypergraph partitioning.

U. V. Catalyurek and C. Aykanat, "Hypergraph-Partitioning-Based Decomposition for Parallel Sparse-Matrix Vector Multiplication," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 10, no. , pp. 673-693, 1999.
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