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<p><b>Abstract</b>—A new, scalable interconnection topology called the Spanning Multichannel Linked Hypercube (SMLH) is proposed. This proposed network is very suitable to massively parallel systems and is highly amenable to optical implementation. The SMLH uses the hypercube topology as a basic building block and connects such building blocks using two-dimensional multichannel links (similar to spanning buses). In doing so, the SMLH combines positive features of both the hypercube (small diameter, high connectivity, symmetry, simple routing, and fault tolerance) and the spanning bus hypercube (SBH) (constant node degree, scalability, and ease of physical implementation), while at the same time circumventing their disadvantages. The SMLH topology supports many communication patterns found in different classes of computation, such as bus-based, mesh-based, and tree-based problems, as well as hypercube-based problems. A very attractive feature of the SMLH network is its ability to support a large number of processors with the possibility of maintaining a constant degree and a constant diameter. Other positive features include symmetry, incremental scalability, and fault tolerance. It is shown that the SMLH network provides better average message distance, average traffic density, and queuing delay than many similar networks, including the binary hypercube, the SBH, etc. Additionally, the SMLH has comparable performance to other high-performance hypercubic networks, including the Generalized Hypercube and the Hypermesh. An optical implementation methodology is proposed for SMLH. The implementation methodology combines both the advantages of free space optics with those of wavelength division multiplexing techniques. A detailed analysis of the feasibility of the proposed network is also presented.</p>
Interconnection networks, scalability, massively parallel processing, optical interconnects, wavelength division multiplexing, product networks.

C. Neocleous, A. Louri and B. Weech, "A Spanning Multichannel Linked Hypercube: A Gradually Scalable Optical Interconnection Network for Massively Parallel Computing," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 9, no. , pp. 497-512, 1998.
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