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<p><b>Abstract</b>—Existing techniques for sharing the processing resources in multiprogrammed shared-memory multiprocessors, such as time-sharing, space-sharing, and gang-scheduling, typically sacrifice the performance of individual parallel applications to improve overall system utilization. We present a new processor allocation technique called Loop-Level Process Control (LLPC) that dynamically adjusts the number of processors an application is allowed to use for the execution of each parallel section of code, based on the current system load. This approach exploits the maximum parallelism possible for each application without overloading the system. We implement our scheme on a Silicon Graphics Challenge multiprocessor system and evaluate its performance using applications from the Perfect Club benchmark suite and synthetic benchmarks. Our approach shows significant improvements over traditional time-sharing and gang-scheduling. It has performance comparable to, or slightly better than, static space-sharing, but our strategy is more robust since, unlike static space-sharing, it does not require a priori knowledge of the applications' parallelism characteristics.</p>
Parallel loop scheduling, processor allocation, operating system, multiprogramming, shared-memory multiprocessors.

D. J. Lilja and K. K. Yue, "An Effective Processor Allocation Strategy for Multiprogrammed Shared-Memory Multiprocessors," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 8, no. , pp. 1246-1258, 1997.
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