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<p><b>Abstract</b>—Multistage interconnection networks are a popular class of interconnection architecture for constructing scalable parallel computers (SPCs). The focus of this paper is on the multistage network system which supports wormhole routed turnaround routing. Existing machines characterized by such a system model include the IBM SP-1 and SP-2, TMC CM-5, and Meiko CS-2.</p><p>Efficient collective communication among processor nodes is critical to the performance of SPCs. A system-level multicast service, in which the same message is delivered from a source node to an arbitrary number of destination nodes, is fundamental in supporting collective communication primitives including the application-level broadcast, reduction, and barrier synchronization. This paper addresses how to efficiently implement multicast services in wormhole-routed multistage networks, in the absence of hardware multicast support, by exploiting the properties of the turnaround switching technology. An optimal multicast algorithm is proposed. The results of implementations on a 64-node SP-1 show that the proposed algorithm significantly outperforms the application-level broadcast primitives provided by currently existing collective communication libraries including the public domain MPI.</p>
Wormhole routing, bidirectional multistage interconnection network, multicast communication, multistage cube network, turnaround routing.

L. M. Ni, Y. Gui and H. Xu, "Optimal Software Multicast in Wormhole-Routed Multistage Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 8, no. , pp. 597-607, 1997.
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