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<p><it>Abstract</it>—VLIW processors use multiway branch instructions to achieve high-speed, parallel evaluation of control structures. This paper introduces a new multiway branch mechanism that allows constant-time branch-target resolution based on an arbitrary condition tree. The unique feature of this mechanism is its target selection unit, which yields a branch-target based on a set of condition bit values and a condition tree description. A representation of condition trees that results in a compact target selection unit is described, and the logic diagram of a target selection unit that provides a four-way branching is shown. Our experimental results on nontrivial integer benchmarks indicate that the proposed multiway branch unit can improve the performance of VLIW machines substantially (i.e., as much as a geometric mean of 35%), compared to using the conventional two-way branching.</p>
Instruction-level parallelism, generalized multiway branching, VLIW microprocessor, condition tree, mirror normalization, VLIW compiler, superscalar microprocessor.

S. Moon and S. D. Carson, "Generalized Multiway Branch Unit for VLIW Microprocessors," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 6, no. , pp. 850-862, 1995.
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