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<p>This paper addresses the problem of creating a fault-tolerant interconnection network fora parallel computer. Three topologies, namely, the base-2 de Bruijn graph, the base-m deBruijn graph, and the shuffle-exchange, are studied. For each topology an N+k nodefault-tolerant graph is defined. These fault-tolerant graphs have the property that givenany set of k node faults, the remaining N nodes contain the desired topology as asubgraph. All of the constructions given are the best known in terms of the degree of thefault-tolerant graph. We also investigate the use of buses to reduce the degrees of thefault-tolerant graphs still further.</p>
Index Termsmultiprocessor interconnection networks; graph theory; fault tolerant computing;shuffle-exchange networks; fault-tolerant interconnection network; parallel computer;base-2 de Bruijn graph; fault-tolerant graph

J. Bruck, C. Ho and R. Cypher, "Fault-Tolerant de Bruijn and Shuffle-Exchange Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 5, no. , pp. 548-553, 1994.
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