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<p>The use of adaptive routing in a multicomputer interconnection network improves network performance by using all available paths and provides fault tolerance by allowing messages to be routed around failed channels and nodes. Two deadlock-free adaptive routing algorithms are described. Both algorithms allocate virtual channels using a count of the number of dimension reversals a packet has performed to eliminate cycles in resource dependency graphs. The static algorithm eliminates cycles in the network channel dependency graph. The dynamic algorithm improves virtual channel utilization by permitting dependency cycles and instead eliminating cycles in the packet wait-for graph. It is proved that these algorithms are deadlock-free. Experimental measurements of their performance are presented.</p>
Index Termsadaptive routing; multicomputer interconnection network; network performance; faulttolerance; deadlock-free; virtual channels; virtual channel utilization; fault tolerantcomputing; multiprocessor interconnection networks; parallel processing

W. Dally and H. Aoki, "Deadlock-Free Adaptive Routing in Multicomputer Networks Using Virtual Channels," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 4, no. , pp. 466-475, 1993.
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