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<p>A distributed system in which a job can be broken into a number of subjobs which are processed sequentially at various processors is considered. The performance of such a system is then compared to the replicated (triple modular redundant, or TMR) version ofthe system in which each subjob will require concurrent replicated processing with majority voting. The effect of voting times and processor failure rates on the performance of the system is investigated with analytical approximations and computer simulations.The accuracy of the former is examined. The results indicate the possible existence of a threshold voting time, below which the TMR system performs better than the unreplicated one, and above which the situation is reversed. Such thresholds are observed, where possible, in systems with repairable servers, as well as in those with nonrepairable servers.</p>
Index Termsperformance evaluation; pipeline TMR systems; distributed system; triple modular redundant; concurrent replicated processing; majority voting; processor failure rates; computer simulations; distributed processing; performance evaluation; redundancy

S. Shrivastava, P. Ezhilchelvan and I. Mitrani, "A Performance Evaluation Study of Pipeline TMR Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol. 1, no. , pp. 442-456, 1990.
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