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Issue No. 03 - March (2019 vol. 68)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 426-439
Xubin Chen , Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Troy, NY, USA
Yin Li , Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Troy, NY, USA
Tong Zhang , Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Troy, NY, USA
ABSTRACT
To mitigate the long write latency of NAND flash memory, solid-state drives (SSDs) typically use capacitor-powered SRAM or DRAM to realize internal nonvolatile write buffering. Due to the cost and size constraints, intra-SSD capacitors can only power a very small amount (e.g., 8 MB or 16 MB) of nonvolatile write buffer. As a result, most commercial SSDs simply use the few MBs of capacitor-powered write buffer in the first-in first-out (FIFO) manner without employing any advanced data eviction policy. This paper presents a set of design strategies across the application and storage device levels that can effectively leverage the very small intra-SSD write buffer to noticeably reduce the amount of data being physically written to NAND flash memory. These cross-layer design strategies are primarily geared towards mainstream applications (e.g., database and filesystem) that heavily involve logging/journaling operations. This paper discusses different strategies for realizing flash memory write traffic reduction through nominal application-level modifications, and presents solutions to accordingly manage the write buffer at small processing and memory resource usage inside SSDs. To evaluate the potential effectiveness, we carried out case studies based upon popular open-source relational databases and filesystem. With only 8 MB of intra-SSD capacitor-powered write buffer, our experimental results show that the developed design solutions can reduce up to 39.7, 36.5, and 52.9 percent of total NAND flash memory write traffic for MySQL, ext4, and PostgreSQL, respectively.
INDEX TERMS
Nonvolatile memory, Buffer storage, Capacitors, Memory management, Random access memory, Databases, Acceleration
CITATION

X. Chen, Y. Li and T. Zhang, "Reducing Flash Memory Write Traffic by Exploiting a Few MBs of Capacitor-Powered Write Buffer Inside Solid-State Drives (SSDs)," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 426-439, 2019.
doi:10.1109/TC.2018.2871683
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