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Issue No. 11 - Nov. (2016 vol. 65)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 3265-3279
Ronak Salamat , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA
Misagh Khayambashi , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA
Masoumeh Ebrahimi , University of Turku, Finland and the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Nader Bagherzadeh , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA
ABSTRACT
3D ICs can take advantage of a scalable communication platform, commonly referred to as the Networks-on-Chip (NoC). In the basic form of 3D-NoC, all routers are vertically connected. Partially connected 3D-NoC has emerged because of physical limitations of using vertical links. Routing is of great importance in such partially connected architectures. A high-performance, fault-tolerant and adaptive routing strategy with respect to the communication flow among the cores is crucial while freedom from livelock and deadlock has to be guaranteed. In this paper we introduce a new routing algorithm for partially connected 3D-NoCs. The routing algorithm is adaptive and tolerates the faults on vertical links as compared to the predesigned routing algorithms. Our results show a $_$40-50\%$_$ improvement in the fraction of intact inter-level communications when the fault tolerant algorithm is used. This routing algorithm is light-weight and has only one virtual channel along the $_$Y$_$ dimension.
INDEX TERMS
Routing, Algorithm design and analysis, Three-dimensional displays, Reliability, System recovery, Through-silicon vias, Computer network reliability
CITATION

R. Salamat, M. Khayambashi, M. Ebrahimi and N. Bagherzadeh, "A Resilient Routing Algorithm with Formal Reliability Analysis for Partially Connected 3D-NoCs," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 3265-3279, 2016.
doi:10.1109/TC.2016.2532871
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