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Issue No. 04 - April (2011 vol. 60)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 463-471
Z Abid , Coll. of Nanoscale Sci. & Eng., Univ. at Albany, Albany, NY, USA
Ming Liu , Inst. of Microelectron., Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing, China
Wei Wang , Coll. of Nanoscale Sci. & Eng., Univ. at Albany, Albany, NY, USA
In this paper, a novel 3D CMOS nanohybrid technology, 3D CMOL, is introduced to establish FPGA chips. By combining two leading technologies, hybrid CMOS/nanoelectronic circuit (CMOL) and 3D integration, 3D CMOL can provide a feasible and more efficient fabrication/assembly process than the existing 2D CMOL. Furthermore, 3D CMOL FPGA implements circuits in three dimensions so that it can increase the density of the nanodevices and achieve higher performance compared to 2D CMOL and field programmable nanowire interconnect (FPNI). This paper presents the architecture optimization, 3D integration, defect tolerance, and performance evaluation of 3D CMOL FPGA. It is expected that this technology can lead to technology breakthroughs towards the development of the next FPGA generation.
Three dimensional displays, Field programmable gate arrays, CMOS integrated circuits, Junctions, Logic gates

Z. Abid, Ming Liu and Wei Wang, "3D Integration of CMOL Structures for FPGA Applications," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 463-471, 2011.
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