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Issue No. 03 - March (2011 vol. 60)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 360-374
Ziliang Zong , South Dakota School of Mines & Technology, Rapid City
Adam Manzanares , Auburn University, Auburn
Xiaojun Ruan , Auburn University, Auburn
Xiao Qin , Auburn University, Auburn
High-performance clusters have been widely deployed to solve challenging and rigorous scientific and engineering tasks. On one hand, high performance is certainly an important consideration in designing clusters to run parallel applications. On the other hand, the ever increasing energy cost requires us to effectively conserve energy in clusters. To achieve the goal of optimizing both performance and energy efficiency in clusters, in this paper, we propose two energy-efficient duplication-based scheduling algorithms—Energy-Aware Duplication (EAD) scheduling and Performance-Energy Balanced Duplication (PEBD) scheduling. Existing duplication-based scheduling algorithms replicate all possible tasks to shorten schedule length without reducing energy consumption caused by duplication. Our algorithms, in contrast, strive to balance schedule lengths and energy savings by judiciously replicating predecessors of a task if the duplication can aid in performance without degrading energy efficiency. To illustrate the effectiveness of EAD and PEBD, we compare them with a nonduplication algorithm, a traditional duplication-based algorithm, and the dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) algorithm. Extensive experimental results using both synthetic benchmarks and real-world applications demonstrate that our algorithms can effectively save energy with marginal performance degradation.
Homogeneous clusters, energy-aware scheduling, duplication algorithms.

Z. Zong, X. Ruan, A. Manzanares and X. Qin, "EAD and PEBD: Two Energy-Aware Duplication Scheduling Algorithms for Parallel Tasks on Homogeneous Clusters," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 60, no. , pp. 360-374, 2010.
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