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Issue No. 10 - October (2010 vol. 59)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 1350-1362
Mingqiang Li , Tsinghua University, Beijing
Jiwu Shu , Tsinghua University, Beijing
Large-scale erasure-coded storage systems have a serious performance problem due to I/O congestion and disk media access congestion caused by read-modify-write operations involved in small-write operations. All the existing technologies based on the conventional disk can provide very limited performance improvement. This paper presents a new Disk Architecture with Composite Operation (DACO), whose disk media access interface consists of three kinds of operations: READ, WRITE, and Composite Operation (CO). The CO adopts a sector-based pipeline technology to implement block-level data modify operations, and thus, can replace the read-modify-write operations involved in small-write operations. When the DACO is adopted in a large-scale erasure-coded storage system with t fault tolerance, t I/Os and t disk media access operations can be reduced in each small-write operation, respectively. This alleviates both I/O congestion and disk media access congestion in nature, and thus, can remarkably improve the performance of large-scale erasure-coded storage systems. A simulation study shows that the DACO can provide significant performance improvement: reducing the average I/O response time by up to 31.16 percent even in the worst case where t=1. This paper also discusses the important implementation issues of the DACO and investigates the additional cost involved in the DACO.
Disk architecture, erasure code, small-write problem, storage system.

J. Shu and M. Li, "DACO: A High-Performance Disk Architecture Designed Specially for Large-Scale Erasure-Coded Storage Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 59, no. , pp. 1350-1362, 2010.
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