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Issue No. 10 - October (2010 vol. 59)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 1320-1336
Takao Yamashita , Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, Tokyo
We propose an optimal time adjustment method from the viewpoint of frequency stability, which is defined as the Allan deviation. When time adjustment is needed for a clock in a networked computer, it is made over a period called a time adjustment period. The proposed method optimizes frequency stability for a given time adjustment period. This method has been evaluated and compared with the adjtime() system call in UNIX systems in terms of frequency stability and duration of time adjustment period needed for achieving particular values of frequency stability. For time intervals from 1 to 1,000 {\rm s}, the frequency stability achieved by the proposed method was about 0.01-0.5 of that achieved by the adjtime() system call. The evaluation also showed that the duration of a time adjustment period needed for achieving the frequency stability of 1.0 \times 10^{-10} in the proposed method was less than 1/12 (1/6) that of the period in the adjtime() system call when we optimized frequency stability for a 60 (3,600) {\rm s} time interval under the condition that the duration of the time-adjustment period was 12 {\rm h}.
Clock synchronization, Allan deviation, Allan variance, frequency stability.

T. Yamashita, "Stability-Optimized Time Adjustment for a Networked Computer Clock," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 59, no. , pp. 1320-1336, 2010.
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