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Issue No. 02 - February (2009 vol. 58)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 188-196
Howon Kim , Pusan National University, Korea
Dooho Choi , Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon
Dong-Guk Han , Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we study exponentiation in the specific finite fields {\bf F}_{q} with very special exponents such as those that occur in algorithms for computing square roots. Here, q is a prime power, q = p^{k}, where k> 1, and k is odd. Our algorithmic approach improves the corresponding exponentiation resulted from the better rewritten exponent. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first major improvement to the Tonelli-Shanks algorithm, for example, the number of multiplications can be reduced to at least 60 percent on the average when p \equiv 1 (mod 16). Several numerical examples are given that show the speedup of the proposed methods.
INDEX TERMS
Square roots, finite fields, efficient computation, cryptography.
CITATION
Howon Kim, Dooho Choi, Dong-Guk Han, "Improved Computation of Square Roots in Specific Finite Fields", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 58, no. , pp. 188-196, February 2009, doi:10.1109/TC.2008.201
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