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The conventional <em>test-per-scan</em> built-in self-test (BIST) scheme needs a number of shift cycles followed by one capture cycle. Fault effects received by the scan flip-flops are shifted out while shifting in the next test vector like scan testing. Unlike deterministic testing, it is unnecessary to apply a complete test vector to the scan chains. A new scan-based BIST scheme is proposed by properly controlling the scan enable signals of the scan chains. Different weighted values are assigned to the scan enable signals of scan flip-flops in separate scan chains. Capture cycles can be inserted at any clock cycle if necessary. A new testability estimation procedure according to the proposed testing scheme is presented. A greedy procedure is proposed to select a weight for each scan chain. Experimental results show that the proposed method can improve test effectiveness of scanbased BIST greatly, and most circuits can obtain complete fault coverage or very close to complete fault coverage.
Random testability, scan-based BIST, scan enable signal, weighted random testing
Hideo Fujiwara, Dong Xiang, Mingjing Chen, "Using Weighted Scan Enable Signals to Improve Test Effectiveness of Scan-Based BIST", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 56, no. , pp. 1619-1628, December 2007, doi:10.1109/TC.2007.70767
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