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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper describes a new protocol for the establishment of multihop ad hoc networks based on Bluetooth devices. The protocol proceeds in three phases: device discovery, partitioning of the network into <it>Bluetooth piconets</it>, and interconnection of the piconets into a <it>connected scatternet</it>. The protocol has the following desirable properties: It is executed at each node with no prior knowledge of the network topology, thus being fully distributed. The selection of the <it>Bluetooth masters</it> is driven by the suitability of a node to be the “best fit” for serving as a master. The generated scatternet is a connected mesh with multiple paths between any pair of nodes, thus achieving robustness. Differently from existing solutions, no extra hardware is required to run the protocol at each node and there is no need for a designated node to start the scatternet formation process. Simulation results are provided which evaluate the impact of the Bluetooth device discovery phase on the performance of the protocol.</p>
Bluetooth technology, scatternet formation, ad hoc networks.

C. Petrioli, I. Chlamtac and S. Basagni, "Configuring BlueStars: Multihop Scatternet Formation for Bluetooth Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 52, no. , pp. 779-790, 2003.
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