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ABSTRACT
<p><b>Abstract</b>—Given a WDM optical network with wavelength channels on its fiber links, we consider the problem of finding the minimum set of network nodes such that, with wavelength converters at these nodes, broadcast can be supported in the network. We call this problem the Converter Placement problem. We model a given network using a graph <tmath>$G$</tmath> with colors on its edges and give a mathematical formulation for the problem based on the graph model. Two related problems, Color-Covering and Vertex Color-Covering, are given and analyzed. Both of them are shown to have a polynomial-time approximation with performance ratio <tmath>$\ln n + 1$</tmath> and <tmath>$\ln n$</tmath> is the best possible performance ratio unless <tmath>$NP \subset DTIME(n^{poly\log n})$</tmath>, where <tmath>$n$</tmath> is the number of vertices in <tmath>$G$</tmath>. Using these results, we show that the Converter Placement problem has a polynomial-time approximation with performance ratio <tmath>$2(\ln n +1)$</tmath> and <tmath>${\frac{1}{2}}\ln n$</tmath> is the best possible performance ratio unless <tmath>$NP \subset DTIME(n^{poly\log n})$</tmath>. We present an approximation algorithm to solve the Converter Placement problem and study the performance of the algorithm on randomly generated network topologies.</p>
INDEX TERMS
Network optimization, optical networks, WDM, converter placement, Color-Covering, Vertex Color-Covering.
CITATION

D. Du, X. Jia, L. Ruan, D. Li, Z. Sun and X. Hu, "Converter Placement Supporting Broadcast in WDM Optical Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 50, no. , pp. 750-758, 2001.
doi:10.1109/12.936240