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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper presents a technique for minimizing chip-area cost of implementing an on-chip cache memory of microprocessors. The main idea of the technique is <it>Caching Address Tags</it>, or <it>CAT cache</it>, for short. The <it>CAT</it> cache exploits locality property that exists among addresses of memory references. By keeping only a limited number of distinct tags of cached data, rather than having as many tags as cache lines, the <it>CAT</it> cache can reduce the cost of implementing tag memory by an order of magnitude without noticeable performance difference from ordinary caches. Therefore, <it>CAT</it> represents another level of caching for cache memories. Simulation experiments are carried out to evaluate performance of <it>CAT</it> cache as compared to existing caches. Performance results of SPEC92 programs show that the <it>CAT</it> cache, with only a few tag entries, performs as well as ordinary caches, while chip-area saving is significant. Such area saving will increase as the address space of a processor increases. By allocating the saved chip-area for larger cache capacity, or more powerful functional units, <it>CAT</it> is expected to have a great impact on overall system performance.</p>
Cache memory, single-chip processor, on-chip cache, memory hierarchy, performance evaluation.

T. Sun, H. Wang and Q. Yang, "Minimizing Area Cost of On-Chip Cache Memories by Caching Address Tags," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 46, no. , pp. 1187-1201, 1997.
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