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<p><b>Abstract</b>—With the advent of small portable computers and the technological advances in wireless communications, mobile wireless computing is likely to become very popular in the near future. Wireless links are slower and less reliable compared to wired links and are prone to loss of signal due to noise and fading. Furthermore, host mobility can give rise to periods of disconnection from the fixed network. The use of existing network protocols, which were developed mainly for the high bandwidth and faster wired links, with mobile computers thus gives rise to unique performance problems arising from host mobility and due to the characteristics of wireless medium.</p><p>Indirect protocols [<ref rid="bibt02604" type="bib">4</ref>] can isolate mobility and wireless related problems using mobility support routers (MSRs) as intermediaries, which also provide backward compatibility with fixed network protocols. We present the implementation and performance evaluation of I-TCP, which is an indirect transport layer protocol for mobile wireless environments. Throughput comparison with regular (BSD) TCP shows that I-TCP performs significantly better in a wide range of conditions related to wireless losses and host mobility. We also describe the implementation and performance of I-TCP handoffs.</p>
Mobile computing, transport protocols, TCP, wireless medium, handoff, mobility support routers.

A. V. Bakre and B. Badrinath, "Implementation and Performance Evaluation of Indirect TCP," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 46, no. , pp. 260-278, 1997.
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