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Issue No. 04 - April (1996 vol. 45)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 503-507
<p><b>Abstract</b>—A large number of choices exist when designing a reliable memory system. The choices range from simple replication to complex error control codes (ECC). An intermediate solution is to use combination of replication and simple ECC. Such a system consists of multiple memory modules, data stored in each module being encoded using an ECC. This paper compares reliability of memory systems formed using simple triplication (without ECC) with memory systems formed by duplicating memory modules that use ECC. It is shown that reliability achieved by duplication of memory modules using codes capable of only error detection or only single error correction (SEC), is always worse than simple triplication. However, it is also shown that duplication of memory modules, with codes capable of single error correction and double error detection (SEC-DED), can achieve better reliability than simple triplication when bit error probability is small.</p>
Reliability, replication, coding, modular redundancy.

N. H. Vaidya, "Comparison of Duplex and Triplex Memory Reliability," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 45, no. , pp. 503-507, 1996.
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