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<p>The authors present a routing algorithm that uses the depth first search approach combined with a backtracking technique to route messages on the star graph in the presence of faulty links. The algorithm is distributed and requires no global knowledge of faults. The only knowledge required at a node is the state of its incident links. The routed message carries information about the followed path and the visited nodes. The algorithm routes messages along the optimal, i.e., the shortest path if no faults are encountered or if the faults are such that an optimal path still exists. In the absence of an optimal path, the algorithm always finds a path between two nodes within a bounded number of hops if the two nodes are connected. Otherwise, it returns the message to the originating node. The authors provide a performance analysis for the case where an optimal path does not exist. They prove that for a maximum of n-2 faults on a graph with N=n! nodes, at most 2i+2 steps are added to the path, where i is O( square root n). Finally, they use the routing algorithm to present an efficient broadcast algorithm on the star graph in the presence of faults.</p>
routing scheme; broadcasting scheme; faulty star graphs; depth first search; backtracking technique; faulty links; shortest path; optimal path; performance analysis; distributed algorithms; fault tolerant computing.

S. Latifi, N. Bagherzadeh and N. Nassif, "A Routing and Broadcasting Scheme on Faulty Star Graphs," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 42, no. , pp. 1398-1403, 1993.
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