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<p>The Ethernet protocol is analyzed using a space-time model in which the occurrence of a collision is determined not only by frame arrival times but also by locations of nodes. The space-time model is described, and the expected throughput of the Ethernet protocol is derived assuming that frames arrive by a Poisson process. Numerical results show that the expected throughput can be significantly higher than earlier time-domain results when the spatial dimension a<0.01. This result is attributed to, among other factors, a significant reduction of the vulnerable area.</p>
collision occurrence, node location; LAN; Ethernet protocol; space-time model; frame arrival times; expected throughput; Poisson process; spatial dimension; vulnerable area; local area networks; performance evaluation; protocols; queueing theory.

D. Choi and B. Kim, "The Expected (Not Worst-Case) Throughput of the Ethernet Protocol," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 40, no. , pp. 245-252, 1991.
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