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<p>A novel VLSI-oriented architecture to compute the discrete Fourier transform is presented. It consists of a homogeneous structure of processing elements. The structure has a performance equal to 1/t transforms per second, where t is the time needed for the execution of a single butterfly computation or the time needed for the collection of a complete vector of samples, whichever is longer. Although the system is not optimal (it achieves O(N/sup 3/ log/sup 4/ N) area*time/sup 2/ performance), the architecture is modular and makes it possible to design a system which performs FFT of any size without any extra circuitry. Moreover, the system can provide a built-in self-test and self-restructuring. The modular system is easy to integrate. Processing elements (PEs) are connected to the neighboring PEs only, and form a linear network easy to implement in two and three dimensions. The number of pins required for a chip does not depend on the number of PEs integrated on it, nor on the size of the transform. The system consists of only one type of integrated circuit with a structure irrespective of the transform size, which considerably reduces the cost of implementation.</p>
modular architecture; high performance implementation; FRR algorithm; VLSI-oriented architecture; processing elements; single butterfly computation; built-in self-test; computer architecture; computerised signal processing; fast Fourier transforms; VLSI.

K. Sapiecha and R. Jarocki, "Modular Architecture for High Performance Implementation of the FRR Algorithm," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 39, no. , pp. 1464-1468, 1990.
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