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Issue No. 03 - March (1979 vol. 28)
ISSN: 0018-9340
pp: 273-276
W. Fleischhammer , Siemens AG
Quantitative results of the observations of oscillatory and metastable behavior of common flip-flops in response to logically undefined input conditions, such as those that occur in synchronizers and arbiters, are presented. The results are obtained with the help of a circuit developed for this purpose which measures the failure rate for a certain flip-flop and frequency. It is found that the obtained results are in good correlation with observed failure rates of a synchronizer with both short and long flip-flop resolution times allowed.

O. Dortok and W. Fleischhammer, "The Anomalous Behavior of Flip-Flops in Synchronizer Circuits," in IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 28, no. , pp. 273-276, 1979.
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