Issue No.07 - July (1974 vol.23)
K.C.Y. Mei , Data Systems Division, Hewlett-Packard
The commonly used stuck-at fault fails to model logic circuit shorts. Bridging faults are defined to model these circuit mal-functions. This model is based on wired logic which is a characteristic of many logic families such as resistor-transistor logic (RTL), diode transistor logic (DTL), emitter-coupled logic (ECL), etc. It does not apply to TTL circuits. The model also limits to fan-out-free leads.
Bridging faults, fault detection, fault dominance, fault modeling, shorts.
K.C.Y. Mei, "Bridging and Stuck-At Faults", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol.23, no. 7, pp. 720-727, July 1974, doi:10.1109/T-C.1974.224020