Issue No. 03 - March (1973 vol. 22)
F.W. Clegg , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. University of Santa Clara
In general, one cannot predict the effects of possible failures on the functional characteristics of a logic network without knowlegde of the structure of that network.
Fault detection and diagnosis, fault equivalence, fault-tolerant computing, reliability of digital systems, SPOOF's.
F.W. Clegg, "Use of SPOOF's in the Analysis of Faulty Logic Networks", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 22, no. , pp. 229-234, March 1973, doi:10.1109/T-C.1973.223699