Issue No. 02 - February (1972 vol. 21)
Masakazu Ejiri , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan.
Takeshi Uno , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan.
Haruo Yoda , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan.
Tatsuo Goto , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan.
Kiyoo Takeyasu , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan.
An intelligent robot that recognizes and assembles three-dimensional objects by means of vidicon cameras, an articulated mechanical hand, and a digital computer is described. Its problem-solving functions include three essential parts: the recognition of macro-instructions from a human master, the recognition of the objects to be handled, and the decision making for executing the necessary tasks. The instruction is in the form of a three-view plan of a simple polyhedral assemblage whose overall spatial configuration is recognized together with its component parts. In this process the set of planes of the assemblage is disassembled into open shells; these are then reconstructed into closed shells to find the parts by solving a linear equation where the shell vectors are taken into consideration. In the object recognition, all the geometric features of polygonal prisms in the field of vision are extracted to find the specific parts required for the assembly. Further computation is made to search for the assembly procedure and is based on the restraint vectors of each object and consequent disassembly free. Finally, the mechanical hand starts the autonomous manipulation of the parts so as to accomplish the assigned assembly.
Masakazu Ejiri, Takeshi Uno, Haruo Yoda, Tatsuo Goto, Kiyoo Takeyasu, "A Prototype Intelligent Robot that Assembles Objects from Plan Drawings", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 21, no. , pp. 161-170, February 1972, doi:10.1109/TC.1972.5008921