Issue No. 05 - September/October (2011 vol. 8)

ISSN: 1545-5963

pp: 1400-1410

DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TCBB.2011.21

Lusheng Wang , City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Zhi-Zhong Chen , Tokyo Denki University, Hatomaya, Saitama

ABSTRACT

We present two parameterized algorithms for the closest string problem. The first runs in O(nL + nd\cdot 17.97^d) time for DNA strings and in O(nL + nd\cdot 61.86^d) time for protein strings, where n is the number of input strings, L is the length of each input string, and d is the given upper bound on the number of mismatches between the center string and each input string. The second runs in O(nL + nd\cdot 13.92^d) time for DNA strings and in O(nL + nd\cdot 47.21^d) time for protein strings. We then extend the first algorithm to a new parameterized algorithm for the closest substring problem that runs in O((n-1)m^2(L + d\cdot 17.97^d\cdot m^{\lfloor \log_2(d+1)\rfloor })) time for DNA strings and in O((n-1)m^2(L + d\cdot 61.86^d\cdot m^{\lfloor \log_2(d+1)\rfloor })) time for protein strings, where n is the number of input strings, L is the length of the center substring, L - 1 + m is the maximum length of a single input string, and d is the given upper bound on the number of mismatches between the center substring and at least one substring of each input string. All the algorithms significantly improve the previous bests. To verify experimentally the theoretical improvements in the time complexity, we implement our algorithm in C and apply the resulting program to the planted (L, d)-motif problem proposed by Pevzner and Sze in 2000. We compare our program with the previously best exact program for the problem, namely PMSPrune (designed by Davila et al. in 2007). Our experimental data show that our program runs faster for practical cases and also for several challenging cases. Our algorithm uses less memory too.

INDEX TERMS

Parameterized algorithm, closest string, closest substring, DNA motif discovery.

CITATION

Lusheng Wang, Zhi-Zhong Chen, "Fast Exact Algorithms for the Closest String and Substring Problems with Application to the Planted (L,d)-Motif Model",

*IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics*, vol. 8, no. , pp. 1400-1410, September/October 2011, doi:10.1109/TCBB.2011.21