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If the origins of fragments are known in genome sequencing projects, it is straightforward to reconstruct diploid consensus sequences. In reality, however, this is not true. Although there are proposed methods to reconstruct haplotypes from genome sequencing projects, an accuracy assessment is required to evaluate the confidence of the estimated diploid consensus sequences. In this paper, we define the confidence score of diploid consensus sequences. It requires the calculation of the likelihood of an assembly. To calculate the likelihood, we propose a linear time algorithm with respect to the number of polymorphic sites. The likelihood calculation and confidence score are used for further improvements of haplotype estimation in two directions. One direction is that low-scored phases are disconnected. The other direction is that, instead of using nominal frequency 1/2, the haplotype frequency is estimated to reflect the actual contribution of each haplotype. Our method was evaluated on the simulated data whose polymorphism rate (1.2 percent) was based on Ciona intestinalis. As a result, the high accuracy of our algorithm was indicated: The true positive rate of the haplotype estimation was greater than 97 percent.
Haplotype, polymorphism, shotgun sequencing, diploid.

M. S. Waterman, J. H. Kim and L. M. Li, "Accuracy Assessment of Diploid Consensus Sequences," in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, vol. 4, no. , pp. 88-97, 2007.
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