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Issue No. 02 - April-June (2014 vol. 5)
ISSN: 1949-3045
pp: 155-167
Zakia Hammal , Robot. Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Jeffrey F. Cohn , Robot. Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
David Ted George , Nat. Inst. on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism, Nat. Inst. of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
In automatic emotional expression analysis, head motion has been considered mostly a nuisance variable, something to control when extracting features for action unit or expression detection. As an initial step toward understanding the contribution of head motion to emotion communication, we investigated the interpersonal coordination of rigid head motion in intimate couples with a history of interpersonal violence. Episodes of conflict and non-conflict were elicited in dyadic interaction tasks and validated using linguistic criteria. Head motion parameters were analyzed using Student's paired t-tests; actor-partner analyses to model mutual influence within couples; and windowed cross-correlation to reveal dynamics of change in direction of influence over time. Partners' RMS angular displacement for yaw and RMS angular velocity for pitch and yaw each demonstrated strong mutual influence between partners. Partners' RMS angular displacement for pitch was higher during conflict. In both conflict and non-conflict, head angular displacement and angular velocity for pitch and yaw were strongly correlated, with frequent shifts in lead-lag relationships. The overall amount of coordination between partners' head movement was more highly correlated during non-conflict compared with conflict interaction. While conflict increased head motion, it served to attenuate interpersonal coordination.
Dynamics, History, Robot kinematics, Educational institutions, Feature extraction, Pragmatics

Z. Hammal, J. F. Cohn and D. T. George, "Interpersonal Coordination of HeadMotion in Distressed Couples," in IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 155-167, 2014.
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