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Issue No. 02 - April-June (2012 vol. 3)
ISSN: 1949-3045
pp: 224-236
M. O. C. Z. San Pedro , Dept. of Inf. Syst. & Comput. Sci., Ateneo de Manila Univ., Quezon, Philippines
S. S. Reyes , Dept. of Inf. Syst. & Comput. Sci., Ateneo de Manila Univ., Quezon, Philippines
M. C. Repalam , Laguna State Polytech. Univ., San Pablo, Philippines
J. Nabos , Dept. of Inf. Syst. & Comput. Sci., Ateneo de Manila Univ., Quezon, Philippines
J. Agapito , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Ateneo de Naga Univ., Naga, Philippines
R. S. J. D. Baker , Dept. of Human Dev., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA
M. M. T. Rodrigo , Dept. of Inf. Syst. & Comput. Sci., Ateneo de Manila Univ., Quezon, Philippines
ABSTRACT
We study the affective states exhibited by students using an intelligent tutoring system for Scatterplots with and without an interactive software agent, Scooter the Tutor. Scooter the Tutor had been previously shown to lead to improved learning outcomes as compared to the same tutoring system without Scooter. We found that affective states and transitions between affective states were very similar among students in both conditions. With the exception of the "neutral state,” no affective state occurred significantly more in one condition over the other. Boredom, confusion, and engaged concentration persisted in both conditions, representing both "virtuous cycles” and "vicious cycles” that did not appear to differ by condition. These findings imply that - although Scooter is well liked by students and improves student learning outcomes relative to the original tutor - Scooter does not have a large effect on students' affective states or their dynamics.
INDEX TERMS
software agents, human computer interaction, intelligent tutoring systems, interactive systems, student affective state, interactive software agent, student affective dynamics, intelligent tutoring system, Scatterplots, Scooter the Tutor, neutral state, boredom, confusion, engaged concentration, virtuous cycle, vicious cycle, student learning outcome, Motorcycles, Humans, Educational institutions, Software agents, Materials, Artificial intelligence, pedagogical agent., Affective dynamics, gaming the system, intelligent tutoring system, embodied conversational agent
CITATION
M. O. C. Z. San Pedro, S. S. Reyes, M. C. Repalam, J. Nabos, J. Agapito, R. S. J. D. Baker, M. M. T. Rodrigo, "The Effects of an Interactive Software Agent on Student Affective Dynamics while Using ;an Intelligent Tutoring System", IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, vol. 3, no. , pp. 224-236, April-June 2012, doi:10.1109/T-AFFC.2011.41
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