The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.02 - Second (2012 vol.5)
pp: 130-142
Hong Qing Yu , Knowledge Media Inst., Open Univ., Milton Keynes, UK
C. Pedrinaci , Knowledge Media Inst., Open Univ., Milton Keynes, UK
S. Dietze , L3S Res. Center, Leibniz Univ., Hannover, Germany
J. Domingue , Knowledge Media Inst., Open Univ., Milton Keynes, UK
Multimedia educational resources play an important role in education, particularly for distance learning environments. With the rapid growth of the multimedia web, large numbers of educational video resources are increasingly being created by several different organizations. It is crucial to explore, share, reuse, and link these educational resources for better e-learning experiences. Most of the video resources are currently annotated in an isolated way, which means that they lack semantic connections. Thus, providing the facilities for annotating these video resources is highly demanded. These facilities create the semantic connections among video resources and allow their metadata to be understood globally. Adopting Linked Data technology, this paper introduces a video annotation and browser platform with two online tools: Annomation and SugarTube. Annomation enables users to semantically annotate video resources using vocabularies defined in the Linked Data cloud. SugarTube allows users to browse semantically linked educational video resources with enhanced web information from different online resources. In the prototype development, the platform uses existing video resources for the history courses from the Open University (United Kingdom). The result of the initial development demonstrates the benefits of applying Linked Data technology in the aspects of reusability, scalability, and extensibility.
Vocabulary, Ontologies, Semantics, Streaming media, Resource description framework, Mood, web services., Distance learning, e-learning, educational video resources, Semantic Web, linked data, semantic annotation, semantic search
Hong Qing Yu, C. Pedrinaci, S. Dietze, J. Domingue, "Using Linked Data to Annotate and Search Educational Video Resources for Supporting Distance Learning", IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol.5, no. 2, pp. 130-142, Second 2012, doi:10.1109/TLT.2012.1
[1] E. Allen and J. Seaman, "Class Differences Online Education in the United States," http://sloanconsortium.orgpublications, 2010.
[2] J.W. Brackett, "Satellite-Based Distance Learning Using Digital Video and the Internet," IEEE Multimedia, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 72-76, July-Sept. 1998.
[3] T.-D. Wu, Y.-Y. Yeh, and Y.-M. Chou, "Video Learning Object Extraction and Standardized Metadata," Proc. Int'l Conf. Computer Science and Software Eng., vol. 6, pp. 332-335, 2008.
[4] M. Hausenblas and M. Karnstedt, "Understanding Linked Open Data as a Web-Scale Database," Proc. Second Int'l Conf. Advances in Databases Knowledge and Data Applications (DBKDA), pp. 56-61, Apr. 2010.
[5] T. Berners-Lee, J. Hendler, and O. Lassila, "The Semantic Web," Scientific Am. Magazine, 2001.
[6] The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation, and Applications, F. Baader, D. Calvanese, D.L. McGuinness, D. Nardi and P.F. Patel-Schneider, eds. Cambridge Univ., 2003.
[7] T. Berners-Lee, "Linked Data," IssuesLinkedData.html , 2006.
[8] C. Bizer, T. Heath, and T. Berners-Lee, "Linked Data—The Story So Far," Int'l J. Semantic Web and Information Systems, vol. 5, pp. 1-22, 2009.
[9] E. Prud'hommeaux and A. Seaborne, "SPARQL Query Language for RDF," technical report, World Wide Web Consortium, Jan. 2008.
[10] C. Pautasso, O. Zimmermann, and F. Leymann, "Restful Web Services vs. 'Big' Web Services: Making the Right Architectural Decision," Proc. 17th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '08), pp. 805-814, 2008.
[11] R. Alarcon and E. Wilde, "Linking Data from Restful Services," Proc. Third Workshop Linked Data on the Web, 2010.
[12] D. Brickley and L. Miller, "FOAF Vocabulary Specification 0.91,", 2007.
[13] E. Soundararajan, N.M. Meenachi, and M.S. Baba, "Semantic Digital Library - Migration of Dublin Core to RDF," Proc. Int'l Conf. Signal and Image Processing (ICSIP), pp. 250-254, Dec. 2010.
[14] J. Hunter, R. Schroeter, B. Koopman, and M. Henderson, "Using the Semantic Grid to Build Bridges Between Museums and Indigenous Communities," Proc. 11th Global Grid Forum (GGF11) on Semantic Grid Applications Workshop, pp. 46-61, June 2004.
[15] S. Bloehdorn, K. Petridis, C. Saathoff, N. Simou, Y. Avrithis, H. Siegfried, Y. Kompatsiaris, and M.G. Strintzis, "Semantic Annotation of Images and Videos for Multimedia Analysis," Proc. Second European Semantic Web Conf. (ESWC '05), pp. 592-607, 2005.
[16] J. Hunter, "Enhancing the Semantic Interoperability of Multimedia through a Core Ontology," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 49-58, Jan. 2003.
[17] L. Ballan, M. Bertini, A.D. Bimbo, and G. Serra, "Video Annotation and Retrieval Using Ontologies and Rule Learning," IEEE Multimedia, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 72-76, Oct.-Dec. 2010.
[18] S. Wei, Y. Zhao, Z. Zhu, and N. Liu, "Multimodal Fusion for Video Search Reranking," IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Eng., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1191-1199, Aug. 2010.
[19] A. Hakeem, M.W. Lee, O. Javed, and N. Haering, "Semantic Video Search Using Natural Language Queries," Proc. 17th ACM Int'l Conf. Multimedia (MM '09), pp. 605-608, 2009.
[20] S.C. Sebastine, B.M. Thuraisingham, and B. Prabhakaran, "Semantic Web for Content Based Video Retrieval," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Semantic Computing (ICSC '09), pp. 103-108, 2009.
[21] J. Broekstra, A. Kampman, and F.V. Harmelen, "Sesame: A Generic Architecture for Storing and Querying RDF and RDF Schema," Proc. First Int'l Semantic Web Conf. the Semantic Web, pp. 54-68, 2002.
[22] Y. Raimond and S. Abdallah, "The Timeline Ontology,", 2007.
[23] B. Vatant and M. Wick, "Geonames Ontology," http://www. geonames.orgontology, 2006.
[24] Zemanta API Overview, Stand 13.5, http://www.zemanta.comapi, 2009.
[25] G. Vanderburg, "Clojure Templating Libraries: Fleet and Enlive," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 87-90, Sept./Oct. 2010.
[26] D. Recordon and D. Reed, "OpenID 2.0: A Platform for User-Centric Identity Management," Proc. Second ACM Workshop Digital Identity Management (DIM '06), colocated with the 13th ACM Conf. Computer and Comm. Security (CCS '06), 2010.
[27] G. Tummarello, R. Delbru, and E. Oren, "Weaving the Open Linked Data," Proc. Sixth Int'l Semantic Web Conf., pp. 552-565, 2007.
[28] E. Oren, R. Delbru, M. Catasta, R. Cyganiak, H. Stenzhorn, and G. Tummarello, " A Document-Oriented Lookup Index for Open Linked Data," Int'l J. Metadata Semantics and Ontologies, vol. 3, pp. 37-52, Nov. 2008.
[29] A. Miles and S. Bechhofer, "SKOS Reference," W3C recommendation,, Aug. 2009.
[30] D. Brickley, "Basic Geo (WGS84 lat/long) Vocabulary,", 2004.
[31] P. McAndrew and T. Wilson, "Pocketing the Difference: Joint Development of Open Educational Resources," Proc. IEEE Eighth Int'l Conf. Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT '08), pp. 698-700, 2008.
[32] C. Manniche, "ContexTag - Context-Aware Media Annotation Utilizing Social Networks," Academic dissertation, Technical Univ. of Denmark, master's thesis, 2010.
39 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool