Web Information Systems Engineering, International Conference on (2001)
Dec. 3, 2001 to Dec. 6, 2001
Yannis Tzitzikas , University of Crete
Panos Constantopoulos , University of Crete
Nicolas Spyratos , Universite de Paris-Sud
We propose a model for providing integrated and unified access to multiple information sources. Each information source comprises two parts: (a) an ontology i.e. a set of terms structured by a subsumption relation, and (b) a database that stores objects under the terms of the ontology. We assume that the objects of interest belong to an underlying domain that is common to all sources (e.g. a set of web pages of interest), and that different sources may use different ontologies with terms that correspond to different natural languages or to different levels of granularity. Information integration is obtained through a mediator comprising two parts: (a) an ontology, and (b) a set of articulations to the information sources. Here, by articulation to a source we mean a set of relationships between terms of the mediator and terms of that source. Information requests (queries) are addressed to the mediator whose task is to analyze each query into sub-queries, translate them into queries to the appropriate sources, then merge the results to answer the original query. We study the querying and answering process in such a model and present algorithms for handling the main tasks of the mediator, namely, query translation between the mediator and the sources, source selection and result merging to produce the final answer.
N. Spyratos, P. Constantopoulos and Y. Tzitzikas, "Mediators over Ontology-Based Information Sources," Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering(WISE), Kyoto, Japan, 2001, pp. 0031.