Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on (2011)
Aug. 22, 2011 to Aug. 27, 2011
In this paper we present a framework for answering queries over inconsistent ontologies by using contrastive reasoning, the reasoning of contrasts which are expressed as contrary conjunctions like the word "but" in natural language. We argue that contrastive answers are more informative for reasoning with inconsistent ontologies, as compared with the usual simple boolean answer, i.e., either "yes" or "no".We propose a general framework for contrastive reasoning with inconsistent ontologies. The proposed approach has been implemented in the system CRION (Contrastive Reasoning with Inconsistent Ontologies) as a reasoning plug-in in the LarKC (Large Knowledge Collider) platform. We report several experiments in which we apply the CRION system to some realistic ontologies. This evaluation shows that contrastive reasoning is a useful extension to the existing approaches of reasoning with inconsistent ontologies.
contrastive reasoning, inconsistent ontology, contrastive answer, clarification formula, contrastive formula
J. Fang, F. van Harmelen and Z. Huang, "Contrastive Reasoning with Inconsistent Ontologies," 2011 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies(WI-IAT), Lyon, 2011, pp. 191-194.