From Disambiguation Failures to Common-Sense Knowledge Acquisition: A Day in the Life of an Ontological Semantic System
Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on (2011)
Aug. 22, 2011 to Aug. 27, 2011
The paper describes a semi-automatic method of identifying common-sense knowledge by running an ontological semantic system and focusing on its failures to interpret sentences that a human is not challenged by. Without common-sense knowledge, "He put a banana in his trunk" produces 6 representations, corresponding to 6 senses of "trunk" recorded in the lexicon and anchored in different ontological concepts -- roughly, car-part, elephant-part, tree-part, torso, luggage, software-term. A human language user reduces them to 3, using several pieces of common-sense knowledge that should therefore be added to the system resources to improve its performance. The significant result is that by running the system not only experimentally but also in real-life applications, we ensure an ongoing test against the lack of common-sense knowledge, at least some of which is known to be captured by the system, if it interprets the text correctly and not captured when the interpretation is inadequate.
natural language, ontological semantics technology, common sense knowledge
J. M. Taylor, C. F. Hempelmann and V. Raskin, "From Disambiguation Failures to Common-Sense Knowledge Acquisition: A Day in the Life of an Ontological Semantic System," 2011 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies(WI-IAT), Lyon, 2011, pp. 186-190.